So, you’re taking the plunge and buying your dream vacation property. You and your family will love it, and you plan to rent it out to help cover expenses.
Or, maybe you already own a vacation rental and have done so well with short-term rentals (STRs) that you are interested in buying one, two, or even many more.
What are your financing options?
Your financing options fall into three main buckets:
Financing Option #1: A Conventional Mortgage
We’ll start with the simplest case: If you are buying your first vacation property, you probably should start by looking at a conventional mortgage (Quicken, Wells Fargo, Chase, etc.) similar to the loan you have on your primary residence. Rates and fees will be pretty similar to what you can expect on your primary residence.
To qualify, you’ll need to do the following:
- Put 10%-20% down.
- Have two to 12 months cash reserves(the amount depends on your credit score and down payment).
- Your monthly combined mortgage payments on your primary residence and second home (including taxes, insurance and any HOA dues) cannot exceed 45% of your gross monthly income.
In meeting the last requirement, the lender will assume you won’t generate any income from renting your new home. So you’ll need to meet the gross monthly income requirement without any rent credit.
Plan on 60-120 days to close. Also plan on providing your full tax returns, a lot of income and asset verification documentation, and a variety of letters of explanation.
Financing Option #2: Portfolio
But what if you are self-employed, or maybe asset-rich but with little taxable monthly income, or maybe you already own a number of rental homes?
In these situations, you should skip conventional and go straight to evaluating portfolio and alternative mortgage solutions.
Portfolio is just a fancy way of saying, “community bank.”
If you have a good credit and have an ongoing relationship with a local bank, then you should talk to them to see if they might finance your new home purchase.
Typically, these loans will be a bit more expensive in terms of fees and rate than a conventional loan. Also, they usually will amortize over 15 or 20 years rather than 30 years, and include a “balloon” payment after five years. But your local community bank will hold this loan in their loan portfolio (hence the name), so they can be a bit more flexible than a conventional lender.
Again, plan on a lot of documentation and 60-120 days to close.
Financing Option #3: Alternative Mortgage Lenders
Alternative mortgage lenders typically offer a faster, smoother process with more approval flexibility, but at higher costs.
Visio Lending offers a 30-year STRPro that has a fixed interest rate for seven years. On the STRPro, Visio needs to know your credit score and then they underwrite your loan on the potential rental stream your vacation property could generate if used as a short-term rental property.
Visio's rates and fees are higher than a conventional or bank portfolio lender, but the process is fast (usually 21 business days or less), simple (less documentation), and dependable.
Because they offer a full 30-year term, the monthly payment on the STRPro will be similar or maybe even lower than with a portfolio loan.
With the STRPro, an investor can build a portfolio of cash flow generating short-term vacation rental properties as part of their overall investing strategy.
Short-term rentals, including vacation rentals and Airbnbs, are an exciting and rapidly growing new asset classes. Airbnb and HomeAway, among others, are raising awareness of this exciting new opportunity.
Others are building next-generation property management tools and companies to help owners efficiently manage their STRs.
Rented.com, for example, adds an interesting twist by enabling property owners to solicit competitive bids from property management companies, including bids that guarantee monthly rental cash flow to the owner.
Using sites like Rented.com can help you plan your short-term rental strategy even better.
By: Jeff Ball, CEO, Visio Lending
Originally published on VisioLending.com